01 January 2010

Rock Vein Sky by Charlotte Mandel

Rock Vein Sky
Midmarch Press
Perfect Bound, 70 pages
ISBN 978-1-877675-62-1

Link to Purchase

Reviewed by Kara Candito
Charlotte Mandel’s seventh collection of poetry, Rock Vein Sky, opens with “Sun Rises in Riverside Park,” a spare, meditative poem that seems to answer Charles Olson’s call for a poetry that consists of "one perception immediately and directly (leading) to a further perception.” Beginning in medias res, this opening poem establishes the poet’s fidelity to transitive, liminal states and experiences:
And the bell
          clangs
trees in leaf-bud      shiver
          sigh
            the  bell-tongue strikes
                       swings back
            the clapper’s swerve
against
                       and against
           bronze curved body
never at the same arc of contact
           repeats minuscule changes
ringing the hours of earth’s silent
           drifting net that binds us
Through expert compression of images, Mandel offers the reader a dynamic snapshot of a world in which object, thought, and action blur, overlap, and are transformed by one another. “Sun Rises in Riverside Park” isn’t just, as Frost said, a “a momentary stay against confusion.” It is a brilliant transcript of a chaotic world caught in constant motion, in which “there is never the same arc of contact.” Mandel’s short, muscular lines contend with the discovery of a unique perspective that is capable of registering “miniscule changes” and “ringing the hours of earth’s silent/drifting net…”
 
In “Flying with Infants,” the third poem in the book, Mandel’s objectivist sensibility tackles the theme of parenthood within the chaotic, contained space of an airplane cabin. The speaker’s observations of a couple flying with their two children are the impetus for meditation:
What is it of infants at once human and alien—
           of us and of eons beyond—
two-thirds head       bones more vegetal than skeletal
           tough rind of skull tingle-down to the touch
the boy’s mouth in aquarial dream
           licking nectar of a previous life
the girl’s eyes opaque pearl doors
The speaker’s capacity for wonder emerges here with musicality and imaginative playfulness. Observing the children, she is transformed to a visceral, pre-symbolic state:
I am barred from language pristine
          an island
wavelets hunger bellyful
Then, just as quickly as she enters this otherworldly realm, the speaker is cast back into the present by the sound of the children’s parents calling their names. Mandel’s capacity to be transformed by the vicissitudes of experience is on full display throughout Rock Vein Sky, as is her extraordinary capacity to identify with the world around her. There are no definitive distances between opposing states, but rather pathways of sound and syntax that connect even the starkest of oppositions (youth/age; innocence/experience; mind/body; life/death).
In “Afterimage,” a crown of variations on the Italian sonnet, Mandel’s speaker moves towards a more symbolist sensibility. Through a series of imperatives, the speaker implores the addressee to engage his or her senses (and synesthesia) in order to probe beneath the veil of reality:
Jeweled visions? breathe “open sesame”?
and if a secret mountain cave echoes
only deepening darkness, how then to go
forward? Is there a floor? Teach ears to see—
whistle in caverns—practice artistry
inborn to bats navigating echoes.
Cultivate numb senses—sniff the air, nose
alert to subtle shifts in gravity. (ii)
These sonnets maintain a playfully urgent tone, even as they register the frailty of human life:
                             How to gauge
tragedy’s touchstone: venerated sage
rests in a coffin sinking under sod—
of course we know it’s an empty box—God’s
will be done—or the director’s rule…
Positing death as “God’s will,” or the “director’s rule,” Mandel offers a decisively contemporary take on mortality. Appearing midway through the collection, the final sonnet of “Afterimage” emerges as an ars poetica of sorts: “Stars come to earth with light no longer real./I’ll slant true lines—let morning darkness choose.” One cannot help but hear echoes of Dickinson’s famous axiom here. Like Dickinson, Mandel is interested in exploring and disrupting the borders between subject and object. While Rock Vein Sky relies more heavily upon images to express meaning than Dickinson’s verse, Mandel’s admirable compression of thought, experience, and observation is reminiscent of Dickinson. The third and fourth sections of Rock Vein Sky also seem to harness some of Dickinson’s characteristic linguistic play, which emerges in various moments of interruption, repetition, surprising alliteration, and odd internal rhymes.
 
In “Still Life,” an accomplished meditation on a lengthy marriage, Mandel’s attention to the visual composition of a scene engenders careful critique:
                   Anniversaries fall in line—
Patina thickens—varnish conceals—marriages
shiver apart—ours strains its well-mixed mor-
tar—surfaces enhanced by spider line.
Who sees us defines us by this marriage.
Hand in hand, smile/click. To viewers, a maud-
lin sentiment. To ourselves, still life line. 
Perhaps the strongest poem in the collection, “Still Life” ruptures and combines the clich├ęd languages of art and intimacy. In the final stanzas of the poem (above), the speaker uses fractured syntax to express her layers of self-awareness. Through dashes and radical enjambments, the speaker juxtaposes the opinions and perceptions of others with the comfort and knowledge engendered by domestic life. In “Still Life” marriage becomes an enduring “life line” that tethers the speaker to herself and the world.
 
In its careful, complex intelligence, Rock Vein Sky steers clear of “maud-lin sentiment,” even when it addresses the most charged of subjects, such as marriage, motherhood, and grief. Attending to the experiential, the symbolic, and the critical modes of experience, Mandel offers the reader a provocative portrait of the moments that comprise a life.
 

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